A fundamental truism concerning Calvinism among Founders Ministries advocates is, real Calvinism is definitively five-point Calvinism. Indeed their view many times reduces to "One may be Calvinistic in his or her theology and not hold to five-point Calvinism, but one is not a genuine Calvinist who does not specifically hold to five-point Calvinism."
Further, Founders Ministries advocates historically deduce Calvinism (keep in mind what genuine Calvinism is!) was all but unanimous in 19th Century Baptist life, particularly among the influential Baptists who became the "Founders" of the Southern Baptist Convention. Household names among Founders advocates typically are Boyce, Mell, Broadus, Manly, and Dagg, among others.
One 19th century Baptist giant too often but understandably overlooked by Founders advocates is the Reverend Andrew Broaddus*. Historian, George B. Taylor writes of Broaddus:
"Those who knew him best, and what his attainments were, could readily regard him as better versed in those matters than his own profession would allow. Nor did he confine himself to linguistic acquisitions. The whole field of literature was explored...He delighted to contemplate God in his works, and to make all his attainments in knowledge contribute to His glory"**
Taylor further quotes Broaddus' biographer, J.B. Jeter, cataloging the prestigious pulpits offered to Rev. Broaddus which he declined--pulpits including First Church, Boston; First Church, Philadelphia; First Church, Baltimore; First Church, City of New York; and First Church, Richmond (p.219)--all wealthy, vibrant congregations affording their pastors generous salaries and powerful influence.
Said the Religious Herald of Broaddus:
“The Virginia Baptist Churches have sent forth many able men into the ministry, distinguished by their zeal, ability, and eloquence in their Master’s cause; but, among them all, we think it probable that no one was superior to Elder Broaddus. Indeed, we doubt that he had an equal in the Baptist denomination in the United States within the present century” (p.232).
Hence, that Andrew Broaddus was a spiritual giant in 19th century Baptist life remains unquestioned.
What remains interesting, however, is Broaddus' understanding of the atonement. Not only did Broaddus dispute the idea of Christ's atonement as a "pecuniary transaction," contradicting the Owenic understanding of Christ's death (which seems to be the theological default view of Founders advocates) but Broaddus explicitly cast the nature and extent of Christ's death in general atonement terms rather than limited atonement terms.
Jeter quoting Broaddus writes:
These remarks on the nature of the atonement, lead to the question as to its extent. And here I take occasion to say, that a consistent and scriptural view of this subject appears to lead to the conclusion, that the atonement is general in its nature and extent"*** (p.109, emphasis original).
From my understanding of Baptist history, any way you slice it, it comes up the same:
while five-point Calvinists have been and will remain a part of the Baptist movement...
an interpretation of Baptist history which implies, as does Founders, that our true heritage as Southern Baptists is wed almost exclusively to five-point Calvinism must be, on historical and theological grounds, definitively rejected.
With that, I am...
*Alternate spelling "Broadus"
**Virginia Baptist Ministers, Vol.2, 1860, p.218 (EE)
***Sermons and Other Writings of the Reverend Andrew Broaddus with a Memoir of His Life, J.B. Jeter, 1852